Red-and-green Macaw Care Sheet

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Scientific Facts

Common NameGreen-wing macaw, red and green macaw
Scientific NameAra chloropterus
Size40 inches long with a 49-inch wingspan, weighing 3 3/4 pounds
Life SpanUp to 60-80 years
Habitattropical rainforests along lowlands and the lower foothills of interior regions
Country of OriginArgentina

Prevalent in the woods and forests of central and northern South America, this is the largest of the Ara genus. Though, concurrently with other macaws, in modern years, there has been a signed lessening in its estimates because of territory destruction and unauthorized acquisition for the macaw business.

While you may discern that this dazzling bird resembles a lot similar to the Scarlet Macaw, it doesn’t possess the Scarlet Macaw’s yellow upper plume feathers. Added more detailed distinction is the much bigger cranial and the absence of black plumage marking in the head. These plumage marks are like thumbprints: each personage has a distinct arrangement!

Physical Description

Red-and-green Macaw (Ara chloroptera) flying in Peru.

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In terms of height, this species is second barely in measurement to the hyacinth macaw, the biggest of the macaws. The red-and-green macaw achieves a whole-body range of 35 to 37 in (90 to 95 cm) in grown-ups. Twelve grown-ups were discovered to equate 2.676 lb (1.21 kg ).  A density scale of between 2.315 and 3.765 lb (1.50 and 1.70 kg) has been published. The standard density of the red-and-green macaw is somewhat exceeded by both the great green and hyacinth macaws while its weight scale is generally comparable to that of the hyacinth, and amongst all existing macaws additionally by the kakapo.

The red-and-green macaw is one of the most identifiable of the entire parrot species. These gorgeous birds are a dark vibrant red on the crown, collars, and thorax, with a greenish line beneath the collars and appendages. The green line modifications to deep blue on the appendages, and there is pale blue on the rear and the tailpiece covert plumage. The long tail feathers are red, tipped in blue. The beak is horn-shaded with a black lower jawbone, and the feet and legs are a dark gray. The bird has eye specks on the face. The upper bill is horn-shaded with black on the surfaces, and the lower bill is deep grey or black.

Males and females resemble comparatively, except for females normally standing somewhat tinier in extent. Although this process of distinguishing the sex in these macaws is not very stable and DNA or operational sexing is usually prescribed in situations where the gender is essential (such as birds being arranged into reproducing lists)


Green-winged Macaw or Red-and-green Macaw (Ara chloroptera) seem like grown-ups, however, possess shorter ends, dusky eyes, and the lower beak is dusk with a white foundation.

Related Species:

They are frequently confounded with the Scarlet Macaw. They are most clearly identified by the supporting:

  • Upper Appendages Plumages: The Scarlet has yellow, or yellow and green upper wing feathers, while the Red-and-green Macaw has an emerald upper-wing covert plumages.
  • Feathers: Deeper red feathers
  • Tail: Shorter, blue peaked end (red-tipped in the Scarlet)
  • Face: The Green-winged Macaw has red plumage bands around their eyes on the contrarily barren white skin spot, which the Scarlet doesn’t possess.
  • Size: The Red-and-Green is larger than the Scarlet. This is most obvious when they are seen side-by-side.

Geographical Range


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In 1859,  Gray first described the Green-winged Macaw Ara chloroptera. Its natural habitat runs from Paraguay, with a rare occurrence in northern Argentina, east of the Andes to Bolivia, Brazil, and eastern Panama in Central America south across northern South America.

 It is observed existing in sultry rainforests along valleys and the lower elevations of central areas rather than in marginal zones. It remains in couples or small crowds, preferably than flocks. A genuine woodland bird, it consumes its day serving in the treetops. Its menu comprises of green vegetation, fruits, nuts, and seed.


The red-and-green has been retained in confinement as distant as the 17th century, alongside with other macaws, but confined breeding outlined in the 19th century and was favorably pretty triumphant. Presently, it is comparatively effortless to obtain green-wing macaws that were reproduced in confinement.

Nonetheless, this macaw has observed its native territory severely wasted, similar to other sultry birds, and numerous are yet seized for the illegal sales macaw business. Make certain you trade with a reliable breeder who can confirm the bird’s standing if you choose to foster a red-and-green macaw.

Common Behavior

Red-and-Green Macaw is frequently witnessed singly, or in couples, and also in little family houses. Though, prominent figures crowd at clay-licks, including other species. In several areas of the scale, such as in south-eastern Peru, there are opened reefs of mud in the woods. A few species of macaws rub off powdery scraps of mud with the beak and consume them. The mud serves these birds to cleanse themselves toward the lethal elements incorporated in unripe fruits and seeds, which are their chief diet.

Red-and-Green Macaw is a native, merely showing confined and annual actions. It inhabits naturally hovering in the sunshade of towering timbers. They may dwell in a fracture in timbers or in surface mountains where they excavate burrows in the sandstone wall.

Red-and-Green Macaw supplies on plant matter, fruits, and seeds. The sturdy beak enables the bird to break apart very solid crusts, to remove the flesh, or the grain. They search in trees.

It circumnavigates in the early daylight and late nightfall, accompanying the normal programs from the perches to the feeding zones.


Red-and-Green Macaw operates immediate fleeing with constant, simple wing strikes. The flight is powerful and agile, which is remarkable for such a huge macaw. This macaw can attain rates of relevant to 55 km per hour.

Diet & Feeding Habits

There are veteran labels of meals accessible for macaws, which include a huge amount of their serving requirements. It is likewise vital that they receive loads of fruit and greens to enhance this, commonly to a proportion of 70% pellets and seed and 30% fresh food.

Fruit that may be appreciated by those birds includes bananas, melons, oranges, grapes, almost any fruit supposing the pits or seeds have been eliminated, in the matter of plums and apples, for instance. Vegetables further will be nearly extensively acquired, including sweet corn, peas, carrots, kale, spinach, and broccoli. The major element to refrain is avocado since this is harmful to all birds.

Human meals such as noodles when prepared and whole grain dough will be relished, however, remain until the noodles are tempered before serving it. Grains and cereals are also invigorating and flourishing for them as well as being a great root of carbohydrates and protein.

Minerals and grit are likewise essential for the macaws, both for general wellness and digestion. Generally, this is a blend of charcoal, cuttlebone, and grit, although specific mineral chunks for macaws are also accessible, which simulate the mineral sediments they indulge in the native.

Raw branches from timbers such as withy will likewise be enjoyed to chew on, and this is necessary for claw and bill sustenance.


The reproduction period wavers based on the area. Couples normally mate for life and are monogamous. Red-and-Green Macaw shelters as in a crack in the woods, or in a ridge, according to the accessibility of the sections.

When dwelling in a sedimentary ridge, the hole maybe 6 inches deep, and numerous other holes border it. These other holes appear to be utilized as defenders toward trespassers or to shield against massive rains. It may likewise employ common basins in high mountains.

The hen produces 2 to 3 white embryos. Maturation remains nearly 23 to 27 days. Juveniles come-of-age at 12 weeks after bearing. They reside with their progenitors for several weeks more. Both sexes raise the juvenile. Reproductive development is relinquished at approximately 2-3 years old.

In the native, Red-and-Green Macaw does not reproduce every cycle, and generative completion is low. Predation and diseases are the main warnings for the juvenile.

How to Breed (Mating habits)

Specialists verify these are not simple macaws to reproduce. A couple of macaws require to go along entirely before they even think reproducing, so, as stated before, a confirmed couple is the most reliable risk. Juvenile macaws are grown at least four before they are reproductively developed.

These birds possess a monogamous coupling arrangement. They pair up exceptionally, living and exploring together even gone of the mating season. They reproduce in December, dwelling above in woods holes.

The perfect breeding requirements for these macaws are an open-air aviary with a load of scope. In the native, they dwell in wood holes; however will utilize cradle crates in confinement, providing they are huge enough. The hen yields 2-4 embryos that are nursed for 24-28 days. The hen is on the cradle while the male gives her with nutrition, disgorging it from his windpipe sack.

By the completion of the cultivation period, the embryos start bearing with periods of 1-5 days. The progenitors supply the offspring employing spitting-out, granted that the firstling is constantly served before others. Throughout the first 3-4 months of their courses, the offsprings remain in the cradle, where the parents nurture and heed for them until the juvenile abandon the cradle to locate partners. Reproductive development is attained at about 2-3 years old.

Pet Care

In the wilderness, red-and-green macaws prevail in flights of six to eight macaws and are incredibly friendly. Masters will require consuming lots of time mingling with their birds. When you bring a red-and-green macaw into your residence, you efficiently suit its “flight” and should embrace it in household ventures. Red-and-green macaws are profoundly sensitive to exercise and should be supplied with sufficient care and bonding moments because of their friendly characters.


Large Macaws need a large enclosure, at least 2.5 by 3 feet. The red-and-green Macaw is softer than other huge Macaws; though it is yet a great notion to position the enclosure is in a place where the volume of sound the bystanders catch is the smallest as attainable.

A large firm roost demands to be installed in the enclosure. Raw fruit timber twigs serve excellent since they can munch on them as favorably, however then they will need to be replenished periodically. Water and food dishes, in addition to a feast bowl, serve best installed above the roost at the surface of the enclosure. A variation of playthings for performing and grinding must likewise be given. As options to an enclosure, they can be held in an outside aviary where the climate favors, and a few humans desire to present their bird with its distinct “bird studio.”

A large Macaw requires 2 – 3 hours a day outside their enclosure. The Macaw’s enclosure is their habitat, and a playpen cover is exceptional, but it is yet their region. It is more beneficial to cooperate with a Macaw on the peak of a firm roost distant from the enclosure. A segregate, free-fixed playpen operates great for this. Various birds can consume most of their period on a macaw roost or playpen.


The primary enclosure consideration includes regular washing of the food and water dishes. Hebdomadal, you must clean all the roosts and dusty stuff, and the platform must be soaked nearly every other week. A complete rinsing and sterilizing of an aviary must be performed annually, replenishing anything that demands to be cleansed, such as perches, toys, and old dishes.

Training and Behavioral Guidance

Macaw’s claim commonly offers various hurdles, such as extreme grinding- particularly at specific periods in their history. They do realize their bills as a way of “controlling us” once they are done from the “infant phase,” and they can usually be slightly mischievous, and it is essential to acquire to know them and to control their response before unwanted conduct has been set. Disobedient macaws will gnaw on electrical cables, conceivably producing house burnings.

They consider everything in your residence as a “plaything” that can be examined and nibbled on, damaging objects that you may cherish or are entirely precious. Even a juvenile macaw that has not been forgotten and hurt demands decent administration; this grows even more testing when it includes a recovered macaw that may necessitate recovery. Not all can endure the typical harsh shriek of a macaw, and whereas it can’t (or must not) be reduced, there are methods to control screeching/screaming in your pet bird.

Generally, it is essential to supervise macaw action, but even more so if your plumaged household member is a brilliant and robust macaw.


They should have loads of chances to train and perform for the psychological health and physical welfare of a Macaw Parrot. Present consistent cooperation and loads of leisure. Having a large selection of activities and toys, plenty of space will further prevent pain in your pet bird.

They are adorable pets, and exercises incorporate collaborative moments with its owner. Everything from trimming, cuddling, and petting is cherished, as well as discovering new skills and performing. But these are likewise quite large, boisterous pets that require a standard-sized area to climb around and play. Both providing outdoor playpen and soaring around within a huge enclosure, bestow them excitement and diversity.

Macaws are enthusiastic grinders, chewing eagerly on anything they can take a grasp-of. When they are on a playard, make certain they can’t touch ornament or any home objects you don’t desire to be murdered. Present collections of toys and ventures in the form of wood toys for gnawing and chewing, ropes, macaw swings, bird ladders, and large link chains. Alternate in new bird pastimes frequently.

Health Care

A macaw that is properly heeded for will occasionally become unhealthy. Although there are several complications, they can catch, and there are various biological elements that can induce sickness. There are likewise behavioral dilemmas that they can generate. Nevertheless, it is sometimes challenging to detect disease, a few noticeable symptoms of a disease to be informed. Here is a record of information to be difficulties to be knowledgeable of, a record of symptoms that show a weak macaw, and what to take if your pet grows ill of his management dilemmas.

Macaw Behavior Problems

  • Behavior dilemmas normally originate from something lacking in the macaw’s conditions.
  • People, interaction with other macaws, lack of trust, or boredom can point to obstacles like screaming, feather pulling, and biting

What to prepare if you have a weak Macaw:

  • If you notice any symptoms that cause you to assume you have a weak macaw, promptly put it in a mild, air-free, safe surroundings.
  • Have it at around 30°C (86°F).
  • Installed water and food are adjacent to the roost, where it is readily obtainable.
  • A sick macaw must be brought to an avian doctor for treatment and diagnosis as quickly as attainable.
  • Behavior dilemmas normally originate from something lacking in the macaw’s conditions. People, interaction with other macaws, lack of trust, or boredom can point to obstacles like screaming, feather pulling, and biting. Work to form a link of faith and give time with your macaw to further evade these problems.


The real tension of having a large red-and-green macaw can quickly mislead possible masters to the price and period needed. This macaw may require you enormously in terms of possible home repair costs, veterinary bills, equipment, feed, and time. It’s most helpful to be thoroughly ready for the abovelisted before you raise one and carry it within your residence.

This is not a macaw generally marketed in pet shops, so you’ll demand to attempt out a grower to buy a red-and-green macaw. And since the red-and-green macaw necessitates a bunch from partners, it is a bird that is constantly abandoned to pet adoption bureaus and rescue groups. There is an outstanding possibility of obtaining a bird at one of these groups.


Population threats

Deforestation is one of the main perils to this species, directing to the destruction of their primary territory. The bird is constantly pursued by the native races because of its diverse-colored plumage. Red-and-green has been seized for the pet business, along with other macaw species. Presently, preventing its trade and capture, this macaw is preserved by CITES II. And ultimately, the Green-winged macaw is nowadays extinct in any areas of its original scope such as Argentina.

Population number

The specific quantity of their entire community is undiscovered, however, presently declining. On the IUCN Red List, the Red-and-green macaw is defined as “fairly common” and listed as a species of Least Concern (LC).

Ecological niche

Feeding upon a broad diversity of tree fruits, they perform a vital part in scattering grains of those fruits, thus supporting several tree species.

How to observe the Red and Green Macaw and other wildlife on an Amazon wilderness journey

  • Tour during nesting term: From November to March, Red and Green Macaws consume most of their course at their den. You can consume moments gazing at them from a range, attending to the communications they regard as one lies on the cradle and the other roosts on an adjacent twig.
  • View for them from the sunshade pillar: Normally, Red and Green Macaws roost with the clear atmosphere behind them, creating great pictures exciting. But, when viewed from overhead while occupying on the sunshade pillars, you receive a sumptuous grassy framework, excellent for pictures!
  • Tour with a qualified leader: Hit the remarkable Rainforest Expedition inns in the Peruvian Amazon. One of their expert leaders will assist you in locating them!
  • Sign up for a Free Trial of the AmazonCam: Yet if Amazon’s journey is not in your provisional programs, you can reach with Amazon wildlife! Enlist at their site for the free trial of the Wired Amazon. You can support them in distinguishing the Amazon wildlife on pictures captured by their 20 square kilometer layer of cameras in the core of the wilderness!
  • And indeed, when you choose to progress to the Amazon, drop by to converse with the Amazon Jungle Travel Experts. They will aid you to go there!

Fun Facts

  • Cradle in ironwood timbers: These woods are hardwoods from the Dypteryx genus. There were healthy populations of ironwood, until the 1990s, because the wood was so firm that it damaged chainsaws! Though late in that decade, lumberjacks discovered to employ a titanium mixture to split ironwood trees. Now, there’s a pressure in several areas of the Amazon. Ironwood is shipped to China for floorboards. Considering this, it’s sinking near to streams and streets outside of preserved domains — unfortunate data for the macaws.
  • Small families: Red and Green Macaws yield one to four embryos at a time. Frequently, one or more eggs do not bear. When more than one egg does bear, the largest offsprings (the firstborn) consumes the entire meal. The kins perish from deprivation! Some experts venture on a macaw project that employs inventive procedures to protect offsprings from hunger. This is beneficial in areas where Macaw populaces are below bearing capacity.
  • In its extent, this macaw is the second biggest macaw hardly to the Hyacinth macaw.
  • The red-and-green macaw can be undoubtedly mixed with the Scarlet macaw because both species are chiefly red.
  • The domain of their scale is one of the greatest among macaws.
  • This macaw holds a remarkably stable and robust beak, enabling the macaw to effortlessly shatter solid-shelled kernels like Brazil nut. The bill of the red-and-green macaw can produce a strength of 2000 pounds per square inch.
  • They use multiple vocalizations, several of them being pretty comparable to those of Prevalent crows, such as yelping, shrieking, and cowing.
  • They have so-called “zygodactyl” feet, where two central appendages point forward and two outside toes face backward.
  • These macaws are not skilled mimics. Macaws, existing in the native, do not mimic cries of other birds. Imitation is natural only in confined exemplars, who attempt to copy human language.


Are red and green macaws endangered?

Least Concern (Population decreasing)

How long do red and green macaws live?

red and green macaw lifespan: In the native, this macaw exists between 15 and 20 years. In confinement, they can remain to be between 30 and 40 years old.

What are the red and green macaws predators?

The red and green macaw and most other species of macaw have vivid pigmentation that alerts predators of their ability, and any macaw will protect itself if charged. Eagles are the most likely predators of grown-up macaws.

Can macaws talk?

Yes, many macaw parrots imitate human language. Some macaw parrots, like the blue-and-gold macaw, are recognized to acquire expressions more efficiently than others. All macaws, though, will desire to vocalize by imitating household noises and whistles, or by articulating words.

How many great green macaws are left?

 There are two remote subspecies of Great Green Macaw. Best measures recommend the entire Great Green Macaw population is less than 2,500 exemplars, and alarmingly, the newest numbers for A. a. guayaquilensis propose merely 30-40 individuals in Ecuador.

What does a green wing macaw look like?

Its huge bill can be alarming, but this macaw has a status as a gentle giant.’ Green-winged macaws are frequently confused for scarlet macaws; the green wing has facial plumes and green on its wing plumage rather than yellow.

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