Thick-billed Parrot Care Sheet

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Scientific Facts

Common NameThick-billed Parrot
Scientific NameRhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha
Size38 – 43 cm
Life Span40 years
HabitatTemperate conifer and mature pine-oak forests
Country of OriginMexico

Physical Description

Averaged-sized parrot. Mirrors short macaw in body form and beak size, with moderately long, keen plumes and a long, spiked tail for its frame built. Males on the standard are bigger than females, though substantial overlay in bulk gives sex-based on measurements and mass unpredictable.

Similar Species

Maroon-fronted Parrot (Rhynchopsitta terrisi) sometimes is deemed conspecific with the Thick-billed Parrot, the nearly compared, though allopatric, the Maroon-spearheaded is more substantial, frequently possesses a maroon temple and eyebrow band, and the bigger underwing bushes generally are gray (not yellow, as in the Thick-billed). Nonetheless, infrequent Maroon-spearheaded have a few red plumages sprinkled with maroon plumages on the temples, and one Maroon-spearheaded with a perfectly red temple and eyebrow band have been reproduced. Moreover, one chick Maroon-spearheaded inspected in hand in 1997 held a somewhat yellow underwing-band; contrastingly, one chick Thick-billed Parrot with a gray underwing-band has been observed. Hence, the natural pigmentation variations between the two nearly associated species are not perfect; however, they explicitly define the immense generality of individuals.

Detailed Description

Grown-ups hold glossy green feathers with yellow border produced by bigger wing-coverts on the root of wings, yellow-orange eye-loop, and red temples, red superciliary band, red “ridges,” and a red strip of plumages around “groins.” Sexes are comparable in plumages and coloration the entire year. Grown-ups are smoothly identified from youngsters, which have chiefly flesh-colored beaks that slowly deepen to grown-up black pigmentation by the completion of their initial year. Youngsters also deficit a red eyebrow-sign and possess gray eye-loops; red on collars and hams are generally less widespread than that of grown-ups.

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Geographical Range

In the Sierra Madre Occidental, Thick-billed Parrot lives in a restricted scope in north-western and Central Mexico.

This species was existing in the south-west USA last era, though it vanished, and its flights were undiscovered. Launching in Arizona in the 1980s was ineffective since the parrots were annihilated by predators, largely raptors.

Also, a few of these parrots roam, but their target is yet a puzzle. They abandon the northern Sierra Madre Occidental from fall to spring. Some birds have been reported southwards, in Durango – Mexico.


Thick-billed parrots consume most of their course at higher altitudes, from 1,200 to 3,500 meters. However, their scope once covered the cliffs of New Mexico and southern Arizona; they are now seen solely in the adult pine-oak woodlands of northwestern Mexico.

Common Behavior

Thick-billed Parrot serves mostly on grains of various pines such as Pinus ayacahuite, and Pinus arizonica. It likewise considers seeds of vegetables and fruits and acorns. They frequently feed in flocks. While the group is filling, some lookouts investigate the atmosphere for birds of prey, to warn the flock of implied threat.

They are extremely friendly. This response is particularly essential for the birds’ security, and they sustain the connection between them.

They move, neglecting the breeding areas in fall and traveling southwards until the succeeding spring. Flights are witnessed while they roam within the breeding range, presumably for crop and accessibility of pine grains.

They perch in towering trees at shared night-time perches in woods. Commonly, the parrots huddle in woods reasonably adjacent to the perch before to seek the great trees in the evening. They trim one another; they fight and drive within the trees, soaring up and down the twigs before to slumber.

In the early daybreak, Thick-billed Parrots desert the perch in tiny flocks and sail high to their feeding regions. They are essentially filling in the pine woods, arboreal, though they can get to the terrain for dropped cones.

Thick-billed Parrot utilizes its toes and its robust beak, to handle seeds and cones. It likewise climbs, swings, and grasps recognition to its beak, for driving within trees, and later, it snips pine cones from the twigs. To peel a whole cone of seeds can hold approximately twenty minutes.

During courting, the male disgorges meat to the female. Cohabits also achieve shared cleaning.

Diet and Feeding Habits

The thick-billed parrot’s main food item is pine seeds (piñon nuts), although they do eat other seeds, berries, fruit, insects, and tree bark. Their sturdy beak can crack even the hardest nutshell, and the bird can perch on one thick, strong foot while using the other like a hand to hold and turn the stubborn nut.

The thick-billed parrot’s major menu piece is piñon nuts (pine grains), albeit they do consume other tree bark, insects, fruit, berries, and seeds. Its powerful bill can break even the toughest husk, and the bird can rest on one compact, sturdy toe while applying the other like a hand to support and twist the resolute kernel.

At aviaries, thick-billed parrots are given pine nuts (with and without cases), a variety of fruits and vegetables, a commercial pellet made especially for parrots, almonds, and walnuts.

Reproduction and Life Cycle

Breeding transpires from July to September, which equips with the period when pine seeds are most plentiful. Following a duo copulates, the female produces up to four eggs in a tree dent. A few couples will copulate for life. They will frequently expand the excavated they preferred by grinding the case and then spluttering it out. Numerous birds may lounge in the corresponding tree. These are nurtured within 24 and 28 days.

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Immature thick-billed parrots possess brown eyes and a lighter bill. The red band on the plume is green on youngsters.

Both parents care for the chicks once they hatch. Two to three months following hatching, the juveniles are set to get their initial aviation and start to abandon the cradle. It may use up to a year still to discover how to serve on pine seeds and quit depending on their sires for nutrition.

Adulthood is obtained at seven months old.

These parrots may exist for a relevant of 40 years.

Pet Care

An enclosure gives parrots with a shelter that they comprehend is their colony in your residence. It likewise aids in satisfying your parrot’s necessities, such as regulating brightness; parrots preferably require 12 hours of sunlight and 12 hours of shade.

The measurement of the enclosure differs by species. All parrots require an enclosure that enables them to expand their wings loosely in the thoroughly supplemented enclosure. Species with great tailpieces require enclosures that are high enough to contain the tail expanse.

Barricade placing reaches from 1.3 cms to 3.8 cms for the least to greatest species. Bear in mind that these recommended measurements are least for a singular bird, and a larger enclosure is always more salutary! If you prefer to retain various parrots, be fit to give an enclosure for each. Partaking an enclosure commonly merely operates for the identical species, and yet that isn’t a covenant that birds will progress. Never accommodate birds collectively that display any hostility against each other. And be confident you recognize the sex of your birds before allowing any allocate an enclosure.

Retaining the enclosure tidy is crucial to your parrot’s well-being. Go within a habit of everyday duties like cleaning water bottles and dishes and changing out paper; and weekly and monthly tasks like deep cleaning and toy rotation.

Parrots brush themselves, yet they need some guidance from you. Give the occasions for bathing, denote it draping out in the shower while you bathe or drizzling water over their heads. Switch on the mist and notice if your fuzzy buddy desires to examine it out or splatter in the washbasin with the tap on. Beyond showering, another natural currying your parrot might want includes wing trims, nail trims, and beak trims. Ask your avian doctor for suggestions on those for your parrot.

In an extension of harmonious nutrition, parrots fancy consuming a few raw foods regularly. These are bites, so have servings compensated for the extent of your parrot. Squash, leafy greens, bananas, and berries are some of the nutritional foods innoxious to foster parrots. Some foods you might think nutritious is faulty food for birds, so perform your study and ask your avian doctor concerning any meals you ponder the security for your parrot.

Where to consume might indicate as relevant to some birds as what to feed. Cockatiels, for instance, are terrain hunters and would apt favor their food prepared on the platform of their enclosure. Attain out the chosen consumption habit of your parrot’s species.


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The thick-billed parrot is barely hanging on the south of the border in Mexico, the single existing North American parrot species. The last verified finding of a generally transpiring thick-billed parrot flight in the United States was in 1938. The parrots’ enduring refuge in Mexico is under assault—lumberjacks have dispatch roughly 99 percent of the initial high-altitude pine-oak woods that the parrots want to obtain adequate dwelling hollows.

Perils of the pet trade

The thick-billed parrot is likewise tormented by the pet enterprise. Pet merchants get juvenile birds from the native, chopping down cradle trees to approach them and slaughtering few nest spots in the method. Thousands of parrots of all species are unlawfully arrested in Mexico each year. The generality perishes before approaching businesses in the U.S. after undergoing terrible carrier prohibitions and the absence of attention. Countless more are caught for domestic pet commerce inside Mexico. The thick-billed parrot was eighth on the record of the top 10 parrot species captured at the frontier by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) from 1995 to 2005.


Main perils to the thick-billed parrot are unlawful pet sales, environment deterioration largely due to lumbering, weather variation (stuffier temperatures that increase the blizzard line and enhancing wildfire menaces), and predators particularly owls and hawks. The species is classified as endangered on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species and is on Appendix I of CITES, sales prohibited except for authorized protection, logical, or instructional objectives. It is likewise registered as endangered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

A 2004 BirdLife International poll implies that there may be 2,000–2,800 adult species and merely 100 live dens in the whole distribution, but records that this may be an exaggerate; the population of this species is solely 230 sq mi (600 square kilometers). In June 2013, the distribution was assessed as 2097, with the limitation that the figure may be underrated. Though, it is solely slightly placed in confined reproducing plans in aviaries in the Europe and United States, so an ex situ confined preservation scheme is less attainable than in commonly cultivated parrots, such as the scarlet macaw.

For longer than 10 years, the Monterrey Institute of Technology and Higher Education, and the Pronatura Noreste (a northeastern Mexican environmental NGO) have been observing 700 retreats of thick-billed parrots in Chihuahua. Through conservation assesses with the ejidos, the industry has built shelters for the security of the bird’s environment.

Arizona reintroduction

In the 1980s, birds were reinstated in Arizona, but this venture came out to be useless. The re-establish into the cliffs of southeastern Arizona (the Madrean sky islands region) was desperately influenced by predation. Because of widespread human construction, agriculture, residency, etc., large numbers of predator species survive, particularly hawks, including the goshawk. The bird death was particularly crucial to these now well-stationed predator species.

In 1993, the venture was discontinued, and the last of the imported parrots was observed in 1995. The main elements of the trial, such as having birds in an approximately 2-meter solid enclosure before discharge, and unnaturally embedding plumages onto birds who did not circumnavigate on their own, likely affected the bird’s capacity to remain. The AZA thick-billed parrot breeding studbook proposes a decisive analysis of the project’s missteps. More recent advances in the confined discharge do not employ grown-up animals that survive in enclosures for a long duration before liberation, as was the situation in the 1980s re-introduction outline.


  • They have been recognized endangered since the late 1970s due to environmental destruction and critical distribution modifications. Though, they are well-introduced in confined breeding applications in several aviaries across the realm.
  • Accompanying the extinct Carolina Parakeet, the Thick-billed Parrot is one of the merely two parrot species whose recent scope covered the United States. They were abolished from the U.S. by nearly 1920 because of stalking.
  • The “Rhynchopsitta” part of their scientific title attains the Ancient Greek words “rhynchose,” indicating bill and “psitta,” implying parrot.
  • A lookout is commonly appointed to examine the airs for raptors while the flock fills.
  • A group of parrots has numerous corporate terms, including psittacosis,” “prattle,” “pandemonium,” and “company” of parrots.


Why is the thick-billed parrot endangered?

It is covered on the 2014 State of the Birds Watch List and was classified as Endangered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in 1973. Primary warnings to the Thick-billed Parrot are the illicit pet business, territory damage (largely because of lumbering), and weather variation.

Where do thick-billed parrots live?

The thick-billed parrot dwells in fir forests, mature pine-oak, pine, and temperate conifer at an elevation of 1200–3600 meters. It is mainly confined to the Sierra Madre Occidental in Durango and Chihuahua, Mexico. Its previous scope included the United States, including New Mexico and Arizona.

What nuts do thick-billed parrots eat?

The generality of their intake is made of pine seeds, but they likewise feed upon berries, insects, tree bark, seeds, and agave nectar. Their thick beak is capable of piercing through pretty satisfying all nut.

Are there wild parrots in the US?

Wild Parrots Are Increasing in Southern California

Many of the nations that introduced parrots now host increasing flights in the wild, including the United States. In Southern California, there are at least 11 species of wild parrots residing at least 35 cities.

Are parrots dangerous?

Parrots can be dangerous! Two determinants present to the threat that parrots can manifest, notwithstanding their extent: their bird-human miscommunication and natural ability to cause injury.

What is Parrot Favourite food?

Parrots are omnivores, which suggests that they can consume both vegetation and meat. Most parrots consume nutrition that includes insects, seeds, buds, fruit, flowers, and nuts. Seeds are their preferred food.

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