Military Macaw Care Sheet

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Scientific Facts

Common NameMilitary macaw, Bolivian military macaw, Mexican military macaw
Scientific NameAra militaris
Size30 inches from the beak to the tip of the tail feathers, wingspans of over 40 inches, and weighs about 2 pounds
Life SpanAverages 50 years
HabitatSub-tropical forests and arid woodlands
Country of OriginMexico

Identified in 1766 by Carl Linnaeus, a member of the Prussian Academy of Sciences, for the deep red temples patch that distinguishes significantly with its vivid green feathers in a way that recalled Linnaeus of the attire outfits donned by 18th-century Prussian privates recognized as jägers.

In the native, this macaw befalls in three subspecies encircling a huge but uneven scale spreading from Mexico to Argentina.

Physical Description

The Military Macaw has prevailing green feathers; however, the head is a paler green, the gorge is olive green, and there is an olive shade to the rear and plumes. The outer edges of the tail and wings, lower back, and rump is blue. They possess a vivid red temple and a soft blue shade on the nape of the neck. The tail is an olive-green on the underside and brownish-red on top. They have a bare face spot stuffed with little greenish-black plumage. The eyes are yellow, and the bill is gray-black.

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There are three subspecies, and all are extremely comparable in presentation with merely small modifications. The generally observed Military Macaw Ara m. militaris is the least of the three. The Mexican Military Macaw Ara m. mexicana seems about identical, although is a little bigger. The Bolivian Military Macaw Ara militaris boliviana is in the middle, measurement-wise, but has a few moderately alterations in its color markings. It possesses a reddish-brown neck, a few reddish plumages on the ear coverts, and deeper blues on the tip of the tail and outer wings.

The Military Macaw is standard, but a little more petite than most of the other great Macaws. They are nearly similar to the Scarlet Macaw Ara Macao. These birds extend from about 70-80 cm (25″-28″) in diameter and scale approximately 0.907 – 1.09 kg (2 to 2.4 pounds).

Geographical Range

The population of Military Macaws can be interpreted from their subspecies designations.


Every subspecies serves a diverse and distinguished distribution, and they are divided by thousands of miles of territory.

Military Macaw, A.m. militaris – The nominate form transpires in the eastern torrid zone of Colombia to western Venezuela and south into eastern Ecuador and northeastern Peru.

Bolivian Green Macaws, A. m. boliviana – this subspecies is discovered in the sultry regions of Bolivia and cruises to farthest north-western Argentina.

Mexican Green Military Macaws, A. m. mexicana population – the northernmost subspecies is found in Mexico from southeastern Sonora and Sinaloa south to the Yucatan and possibly into western Guatemala.


In the native, they commonly dwell on canopies. They can be located approximately 600 meters from the earth level. A few Military Macaws even live on canopies as great as 2500 meters and higher. They commonly rather be in dry or subtropical, desert forests. Though, they frequently circumnavigate periodically to deeper elevations with wet environments.

Common Behavior

Many individuals place the Military Macaw as an exceptionally docile, sensible species that can study to be a spectacular one-human bird who desires to consume loads of moments with you. The birds are not commonly phobic or nervous. But, you should accurately mingle your pet, so that you don’t destroy its generally balanced mood. You can acquire ample pleasure from these confident, playful birds; however, you cannot let yourself to be intimidated or to be played. They can be sincere kind giants that act in society and perform to everybody, or they can be the frights of the house, and it depends on their personal guardians to entertain them accurately.

If you hold any uncertainties concerning your capacity to manage this great, fearless macaw, then don’t waver to reach a trainer or skilled behaviorist to help you obtain solid, friendly restraint beyond your pet’s actions. Be conscious that macaws with a powerful duo link occasionally employ in snapping response throughout the breeding period, and study the methods for identifying when your macaw might be provoked to snap so that you can confuse your pet from the action before it launches.

Speech and Sounds

These are extremely curious and smart birds, and they will adore acquiring new skills as well as new terms to imitate. Similar to their other relatives, the Military Macaw is a somewhat good speaker. They can produce a simple diction and recite specific phrases continually during the day. Though usually calm, they can yet get harsh when delighted, motioning with their boisterous screams and caws.

Diet and Feeding Habits

Similar to the other macaws, the Military Macaw requires a various, dietary-rich intake that carries lots of protein sources, fruits, and vegetables. Some nutrition runs for this species. A guaranteed pellet-based menu, with loads of diced fruits and vegetables on the side, can be a healthy everyday intake, still, take caution that this brilliant bird does not become tired with the pellets. Wash-and-cook, either from a commercial supplier or a doctor can be the solution, although it’s more effort than pellets.

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Numerous individuals love to formulate their seed and legume-based nutrition, which usually comprises a blend of well-cooked grains and beans, including brown rice. As a sensible concern, you will presumably desire to serve the cooked nutrition in large quantities, chilling what you’re not managing in several days, and then thawing it as you require it. Small, rich carbohydrate grains like millet can be added in the mix.

Macaws do have the persistence to break small millet grain, and these seeds are low in grease, so if you own an obese bird, you can still enable them the satisfaction of splitting grain, without stuffing them down with loads of grease. Except when the bird is seriously obese, the Military Macaw will profit from up to 20% kernels in the menu, particularly nuts in the crust that the bird can fancy shattering for itself.

 A well-conversed Military Macaw may desire to help you consume your feast, which is delightful if you consume nutritious food that’s high in legumes and whole-grain, yet never leave a macaw to taste undercooked poultry or meat, chocolate, or avocado. While some species of macaws have been observed at the mud licks getting salt, today’s current foods already have loads of salt. Don’t season the macaw’s diet or give complementary salt except on the recommendation of an avian doctor.

Reproduction and Life Cycle

Military Macaws attain development when they are nearly 2 to 4 years old. They exhibit courting routines to show they have achieved a worthy partner; they are usually paired for life (monogamous). Though, they may substitute a partner that they have missed. Most breeding ventures transpire from January to March, and they commonly reproduce every 1 to 2 years. In their wild territory, they dwell in the empty logs of lifeless palm trees or holes (excavated by other birds or natural) in high woods above the ground to evade predation. Females yield between 2-3 embryos and will be nursed for 25-29 days.

The offsprings measure approximately 0.8oz (23g) and are visionless, apteric, and entirely reliant on familial attention. For the initial week, the female solely supplies the juvenile through regurgitation, and after that event, the male will generally support. About 10 days of succeeding, the juvenile grows plumages. Both parents are highly defensive of their juvenile and ferociously protect them toward trespassers. The young abandon the cradle when they are roughly 12 -13 weeks old. By the point they begin filling on their own, they measure ranges 32-34 oz (930 – 985g).

How to Breed

Sexing Macaws

All macaws are intimately monomorphic. This indicates the sex of macaws shall not be assuredly defined by physical features; however, the males are generally bigger with larger heads.

Their gender shall be decided by either an operational probe termed endoscopy, which can be arranged by several doctors, by DNA examination, generally a blood specimen or several picked plumes given to be detected in a laboratory, or a chromosomal analysis.

Pairing Macaws

Macaws breed promptly, but the sexes need to be established, and the couple should be suitable, linked with each other. It is sufficient to allow the macaws to choose their partners. This is entirely arranged in the winter a few months before the breeding phase.

The perfect breeding duration is 4 – 8 years, with an optimum breeding age of 30 – 35 years for the biggest macaws.

Breeding Environment

Macaw growers will require a cradle crate. The macaw’s cradle crate necessitates being approximately three times the macaw’s whole height in length, and one body breadth in depth and width. The cavity demands to be merely wide enough for a grown-up to access.

There have to be a few bars fastened within the crate for the birds to scale out and also some chunks of timbers on the interior surfaces for grinding. Render 4″ – 8″ of timber peelings in the base of the cradle crate. Affix the cradle crate high up in the edge facing outside, a position that gives privacy and security.

Egg Laying and Hatchlings

Most macaw exemplars yield clasps of 2 – 3 embryos. The larger macaws will produce an egg alternate days, and the more petite macaws will produce every third day. The nurturing phase is 26-28 days. Once the offsprings are yielded, the parents will require an immediate amount of meal and particularly like cuttlebones, milk-soaked bread, fresh fruits, and corn on the cob. The weaning varies from 10 weeks to 8 months, hinging on the species. It gets 16 or longer weeks for the juvenile to mature.

Pet Care

A separate Military Macaw requires an immense, hobby enclosure that suits the large, elegant tailpiece. A guaranteed least sized fundamental enclosure would be 480 x 360 x 720 inches with no larger than 738 inches pole spacing. Several confined Military Macaws scarcely or never circumnavigate, so it’s more valuable to produce a place to inspire them to soar than to grieve regarding long straight aviation. The enclosure must be a skillfully built, powder-smeared metal. Standard frame fixtures and roosts will be crushed shreds in less than a day. You must apply stout manzanita roosts in spaces where you do not desire to replace the roosts very frequently.

You must likewise have loads of macaw-secure roosts and playthings for the bird to nibble at pleasure. Do not beat the bird for grinding these objects to damage, considering you desire your pet to grind them for great thriving training. Naturally, you’ll work through several playthings. A macaw is not a lowly companion. However, not deemed to be a model star like a Scarlet Macaw, a Military Macaw will yet assume you to spend some cash on its behavior.

It is extremely significant with a macaw of this extent to give a huge playard space that is distant from the enclosure — not on peak of the pen. At events, particularly during hormonal rushes, your Military Macaw can get very possessive concerning its enclosure, and you will desire to possess loads of training flying the bird to a neutral region where the macaw can engage without believing forced to protect the range.

They are dominant birds, and you aspire to set yourself as gentle but in charge of the connection from the very start. If you let yourself to be threatened, even a Military can seldom get offensive. These macaws move-in couples or, reasonably, small family crowds in the native, and it is not common for them to consume a lot of periods singly.

If you should establish the bird in an outside aviary separated from the parents, speak to another macaw grower and then deliberately work through the proper measures to launch the bird with a mate or a friend. An outside aviary has to be meticulously planned to guard your birds against robbers, trouble creatures that can endanger a macaw such as raccoons, and exceptional screen to shield from the mosquito-carried illness. An appended twist is that these powerful, brilliant birds might decipher a means to make themselves exposed to the aviary and then get tangled or lost. Before you create the aviary, speak to someone who has arranged it before.


The excellent warmth for the military macaw, scale from 18°C-24°C (65°F to 75°F). They do, though, adapt to conditions lower than 18°C, notwithstanding slowly.

Feeding Military Macaws

In the native, military macaws feed on vegetables, fruits, nuts, berries, and seeds. Pet military macaws must consume comparable nutrition composed of a first-class pellet or seed mix and abundance of raw bird-safe legumes and fruits.

Macaw keepers frequently observe that their bird prefers to accompany them for a banquet. It’s adequate to supply them dietary “human food” on an event, including little quantities of protein like chicken. If it’s generally deemed ‘sufficient for you,’ natural, and healthy, it must be safe for your bird as thoroughly. The exclusion is chocolate and avocado, which are lethal to birds.


Similar to all macaws, military macaws are produced to travel several number miles a day. Even in confinement, training is essential. Keepers must make certain that their birds are permitted an optimum of two to four hours of leisure outside of their enclosures regularly. This presents the birds a means of spreading their appendages, training their bills, and will give rational encouragement as a reward.

Bird-safe playthings are a necessity with this and any macaw. They’re lively and want to utilize their course with tasks. One of their chosen pursuits is crushing, so the timber will be your most-like, even if it’s merely tree twigs. Bells, link chains, ropes, and swings will likewise be enjoyed by this go-getter of a bird.

Playthings are likewise great diversions for this inquisitive macaw who may contrarily give his time chewing things around your house, feather-plucking, and screeching.


The fundamental enclosure consideration incorporates regular cleansing of the food and water vessels. Hebdomadal, you must clean all the roosts and messy playthings, and the platform must be soaked roughly every other week. A complete rinsing and sanitizing of an aviary must be prepared annually, replenishing anything that wants to be cleansed, such as perches, old dishes, and toys.


The Military Macaw is bright and keen on care and performance. It has a great temperament and reacts strongly to administration and discipline. This Macaw adjusts instantly. Once it gets used to a new setting, and its owner, it is then set to begin bird exercise. Usually, however, you must provide a new addition several days to become accustomed to you, your sound, and its enclosure before attempting to touch it. A hand-fed infant will not require much conditioning and can frequently be managed immediately, as it is acquainted with human care.

With all macaws, training and taming takes patience and trust. Macaws are highly knowledgeable, delivering them easy to domesticate. They are likewise extremely skilled at training and prompt to manage. They surpass great at acquiring skills and small chores. They are not as likely to speak and imitate as some of the other macaws, prominently the Amazon Parrots, but they can acquire a few terms or expressions.

Potential Problems

A Macaw parrot can indeed create sound, although it is not frequently, and not without some stimulus. Commonly, if they produce a harsh piercing cry if they notice something to be incorrect or unusual. Perhaps an automobile they don’t realize is arriving at the house, or the canine is free. They are likewise recognized to produce a great cry for roughly 10 minutes as the sun is gloaming. This is a warning to their flight to descend in for the night.

A pet Macaw, when well considered for, will rarely get sick. Still, they can catch a few conditions, and there some also matters in the atmosphere that can induce disease. Behavior problems can likewise transpire, appearing in loud screeching, feather plucking, and biting.

Some of the ailments that may influence military macaw are:

  • Bacterial, viral and fungal infections
  • Gout
  • Heavy metal poisoning
  • Juveniles may suffer from beak malformations
  • Older birds sometimes develop Lipoma
  • Proventricular Dilation disease
  • Psittacosis

If you mark any of those bird diseases in your Military Macaw, promptly give a mild, wind-free, safe setting managed at approximately 30°C (86°F). Set water and food are adjacent to the roost, where it is quickly obtainable. A weak macaw must be brought to an avian doctor for treatment and diagnosis.

Health and Common Conditions

These great macaws are typically strong and considerably imperishable. They will stretch their marvelous existence of 60 or longer years without several ailments accompanying, granted you take great responsibility for your pet. One of the major factors to a pleased and powerful macaw is a bunch of spaces for playing, flying, and exercise. Don’t have them bolted the entire time. To give an effective wash matched to their measurement, the most desirable answer is to bring them to the bath with you. Once employed to it – they will adore it!


This Macaw is not in as serious interest as the more radiantly colored huge Macaws. So even though it is generally reproduced, it is not as accessible as a pet compares to other types of Macaws. However, periodically, you can obtain Military Macaws for trade.


Military macaws can require you approximately $1,000.



Today the Military Macaw is registered on CITES as Appendix I, implying these birds are VULNERABLE in the wild. Macaws at danger in the wild confront a broad scope of oppression. The major origins of peril emerge from territory destruction, shooting and included species cause a dilemma for natural wildlife because of competition for food and predation. The accumulation of birds for the live pet business has been the main peril to several species of macaws. These birds’ ability to mimic human voices, bright plumage, the potential for tameness, and prominent mentality, has driven to the macaw’s reputation as enclosure birds.

Aviaries and other organizations attempt to sustain confined populations to guard toward potential abolition in the wild. This breeding is rarely harmonized and is organized through the application of studbook owners. Other breeding is engaged commercially to fit requirements of the pet business, sometimes to the degree that species possess self-supporting confined populations indicating capturing of wild macaws no longer requires taking residence (for instance, cockatiel, budgerigar, and some species of macaw).

There are regrettably shortcomings to confined breeding. Few of the species are at such inferiors that ambushing for confined breeding might solely deteriorate their natural state. Confined breeding may appear nothing to lessen the troubles which have presented a macaw species rare. Territory destruction, unauthorized acquisition, or the impacts of introduced predators may persist. If prosperous breeding is performed, there may then exist no spot to free confined-bred birds to reoccupy.

Prospect recommended protection movement projects comprise of observing the largest identified distributions and restraint trapping and enterprise of native birds. Develop the administration and knowledge drive-in and throughout national parks.


  • Oppositely instead of large for a parrot, similar to a macaw, the military species are merely intermediate.
  • Their chattering skill, as has been described by individuals who have held them as pets, is modest to grand.
  • The bill of this macaw, and admittedly the entire species, makes the role of a comprehensive adjustment since it can crack open the toughest grains.
  • Macaws are monogamous, staying linked for life. They are frequently observed soaring in huge flights, and the linked couples travel tight mutually, their appendages almost brushing.
  • In the wilderness, macaws frequently gather to cliffs of mud identified as “macaw licks.”
  • Macaws are spirited and curious and can simulate human expressions naturally.
  • Macaws are notably rumpled nibblers.
  • Macaws can attain velocities of up to 35 mph (56 kph).


How many military macaws are left?

The military macaw is classified as vulnerable by the IUCN, the world’s preeminent preservation organization. There are merely several thousand military macaws left in the wild, somewhere in the scope of 3,000 to 10,000, and the entire population continues to decrease.

Do military macaws talk?

Macaws are recognized as a loud bird, so it appears as no wonder that the Military Macaw packs a loud “shriek.” The Military Macaw can study to talk by imitating human expression but is not known to be amazingly good at it.

How did the military macaw get its name?

The Military Macaws (Ara militaris) earned their name when they were first introduced into Europe by military staff; additionally, some propose that this species was called for the overall “army or olive green” shade of its feathers.

How long does a military macaw live?

Military macaws exist in huge flocks and can survive about 50–60 years in the wild. They can frequently be detected long before they are observed.

Are military macaws good pets?

While they aren’t known for being particularly loving, military macaws that have been accurately managed and mingled can become a gentle and easy-going partner.

Are macaws cuddly?

Contrasting to cockatoos, which frequently nuzzle to total strangers, macaws are only physically loving with individuals they recognize very well.

Are macaws aggressive?

Hostility could be bothersome, but it is typical for the macaws to be disruptive sometimes. In its original territory, the bird would usually drift away from a condition where assault comes in, but as a pet, there’s no spot for it to leave.

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